New Strategy: Strengthening Freiburg’s University for Global Competition World Bank Chief Economist: Pinelopi Goldberg Is Interested in Politics Nobel Laureate: Joachim Frank Crosses Borders in Research Painter and Sculptor: Anselm Kiefer Examines German History 2019 The alumni magazine of the University of Freiburg | www.alumni.uni-freiburg.de/magazin Anselm Kiefer: Artist and Honorary Doctor Pinelopi Goldberg: Economics Researcher and World Bank Economist Joachim Frank: Physicist and Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry
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f l o W a i v l i S : o t o h P Dear Alumni, The year 2018 was historically vital for the University of Freiburg – at least as far as our further role in the Excellence Strategy is con- cerned. We are delighted and excited about having been 100 per- cent successful with our two proposals for Clusters of Excellence in what is the most important national competition for the top German universities. This result also qualifies us to submit a proposal with our institutional strategy in the “Universities of Excellence” funding line. The last leg of the long Excellence regatta has begun – our sails are flying, our boat is on course. To reach the finish line, however, we still need to navigate around several obstacles and brace ourselves for strong headwinds. Nine- teen universities and university consortia are vying for eleven Excel- lence titles, and no less than six of the proposals come from Baden-Württemberg. The competition is tight – but we are confident and aware of our strengths. Our Clusters of Excellence have shown how it’s done. They earned top marks and belong to the elite group in the competition. We are therefore following the same rule that ap- plied for our clusters: We need to be so good that there can be no doubt of our belonging among the eleven Universities of Excellence. So how can we also be successful in the second funding line? The answer is: by presenting a convincing concept for the strategic development of our entire university – a concept all members of the university stand behind and one we view as critical for our future, re- gardless of the outcome of the Excellence Strategy. Our motto for this institutional strategy is “Connecting Creative Minds – Trinational, European, Global.” Read the cover story of this issue to find out what it entails. Enjoy reading the magazine – and keep in touch! Sincerely, Prof. Dr. Hans-Jochen Schiewer Rector of the University of Freiburg 1 CO NT E NT S Cover Story Jürgen Rühe, Wilfried Weber Overcoming boundaries Perspectives: Connecting creative minds Biological signals, bioinspired materials 4 6 8 Alumni Network Gerda und Fritz Ruf 10 Pinelopi Goldberg wants prosperity for all 11 My course certificate: Sebastian 23 Joachim Frank researches without blinders 12 Gerda and Fritz Ruf support the Faculty of Engineering 13 Anselm Kiefer is committed to history 14 Father and son: Two Freiburg jurists Between the lines: Arnold Stadler Alumni answer: Meeting again ten years later Alumni support research and teaching New Studienstarthilfe Alumni Prize for archaeologists History excursion to Switzerland Conference proceedings on literary contact 16 17 18 20 20 21 21 21 University News Andreas Mehler Andreas Mehler wants new cooperation with Africa 22 23 Freiburg Nobel laureates: Adolf Windaus 24 Henrike Lähnemann bridges epochs 25 My blog: Theresa Schredelseker My start-up: Telocate 25 26 Monika Blasy organizes a faculty 27 Continuing education: Heritage Interpretations My recipe: Daniel König 27 Campus Freiburg 28 City Life Hanna Böhme Hanna Böhme promotes Freiburg’s businesses Freiburg Minster without scaffolding New tram line for the city center Images: Art project on the Holbein Horse 30 31 31 32
22 Cover Story uni‘alumni 2019 Study and research without boundaries: Freiburg aims to become a European university with strong international appeal along with its part- ner institutions on the Upper Rhine. Photo: Jürgen Gocke A N E W LE I T M OT I F Overcoming Boundaries “Connecting Creative Minds: Trinational, European, Global” Is the Motto for Strategic Development at the University of Freiburg The results are clear: The University of Freiburg is first-rate. All relevant national and international rankings list it among the top ten uni versities in Ger- many, and it regularly receives top ra- tings for its innovative strength. The performance is thus up to par – but how can the University of Freiburg ensure that this remains the case in the future? How can this institution with a tradition spanning more than 560 years maintain and even further enhance its capacity to renew itself and to consistently produce ground- breaking ideas? The answer lies in the university’s institutional strategy, titled “Connecting Creative Minds: Trinational, European, Global.” The creative minds are already there – they include all members of the Uni- versity of Freiburg. They are resear- chers who engage in exchange across disciplinary boundaries, develop research questions together, and take their thin- king in unusual directions in a quest for novel solutions. They are students who learn to reflect critically on complex pro- blems from different perspectives and who contribute valuable ideas to their teachers through their curiosity and en- thusiasm. They are administrative and technical employees who support research and teaching – whether in physics and chemistry laboratories, at the Student Service Center, at the Human Resour- ces Department, or in the University Library. “Creativity only has a chance to develop if everyone who works, teaches, researches, and studies here inspires each other,” stresses Rector Prof. Dr. Hans-Jochen Schiewer. Networking in Concentric Circles To this end, the university is applying the model of networking in concentric circles. It begins with the university itself: with institutions that bring together re- searchers, students, and employees from different faculties. The university’s latest triumph in research is its two new Clusters of Excellence, which will take up their work on 1 January 2019 and each cover one of the University of Freiburg’s profile areas: “CIBSS – Centre for Biological Signalling Studies” in the area of biological signaling research and “livMatS – Living, Adaptive and Energy-autonomous Materials Systems” in bioinspired materials research (see interview on pages 8–9). An outstan- ding example from teaching is the Libe- ral Arts and Sciences bachelor’s program at the University College Frei- burg (UCF) – the University of Freiburg’s first interdisciplinary course of study for undergraduates to be taught in the Eng- lish language, which follows the ap- proach of inquiry- and problem-based learning. The second circle encompasses the research sector in the entire Upper Rhine region. For example, the university has teamed up with Freiburg’s Fraunhofer Institutes to develop the Sustainability Center Freiburg and the Institute for Sustainable Technical Systems, is coope- rating closely with the local Max Planck Institutes, and has established a joint School of Education with the Freiburg University of Education. The alliance between the five univer- sities on the Upper Rhine – Freiburg, Strasbourg, Mulhouse, Basel, and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology – is marking the 30th anniversary of its founding in 2019. At the beginning of 2016 the partners founded the first Euro- pean Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) to be organized exclusively by universities under the name “EUCOR – The European Campus,” thus giving the alliance its own legal form. Finally, circles
33 and at the same time developing new areas with potential for the future is the task of the Freiburg Institute for Advan- ced Studies (FRIAS): The university’s international research institute enables leading scholars as well as outstanding early-career researchers from Freiburg and the entire world to devote their undi- vided attention to their research project the chance whether by relieving researchers from administrative duties and temporarily reducing their teaching load or by giving students inde- pendently according to the method of problem-based learning. Finally, the uni- versity also aims to establish a perma- nent dialogue workshop where all of its members can shape the university’s to learn Students often meet for group work at the University Library’s parlatorium, an open space that encourages cooperation, networking, and creativity. Photo: Sandra Meyndt further development together. With regard to research, Freiburg recently defined eight profile areas, ranging from “Medical Epigenetics, Im- munology, and Cancer Research” or “Data Analysis and Artificial Intelligence” to “Environment and Sustainability” and “Cultures of the Present and the Past – History, Diversity, Interdependence.” This broad spectrum reflects the diversi- ty of a comprehensive research univer- sity. Strengthening these profile areas for a limited time. This creates free space for intellectual creativity that makes it possible to develop new re- search questions, think unusual thoughts, investigate unexpected findings, and get joint projects off the ground. The Path to a European University In relation to its third goal, the Univer- sity of Freiburg enjoys a political tailwind: The European Union has announced its intention to fund around 20 university three and four consist in networking at the European and global levels. Freiburg is a member of the League of European Research Universities (LERU), a group of 23 research-intensive European uni- versities, and maintains strategic key part- nerships with the Universities of Nagoya, Japan; Nanjing, China; Adelaide, Australia; and Penn State University, USA. The Courage to Engage in Free Thinking The University of Freiburg aims to use this approach to further improve its position in global comparison. “If we succeed in making our university even more dynamic and creative, we can keep the best minds in Freiburg and at the same time attract more of them,” says Rector Schiewer. “By working to- gether as a strong community, coopera- ting with the right partners, and fostering the courage to engage in free thinking, we are building up a brand for outstan- ding research and teaching and safe- guarding our performance strength, our capacity for renewal, and our innovative power.” To ensure the success of this endeavor, the University of Freiburg has set itself three main goals: fostering creativity across the entire university, strengthening its research profile and becoming a lab for new research ideas, and founding a European university with its partners in EUCOR – The European Campus, which enhances Freiburg’s global attractiveness and visibility as a center for research. A creative environment develops when the university creates spaces where intellectual diversity is possible and freedom can develop in productive directions. The immediate practical pos- sibilities range from a cozy sitting area or a stylishly furnished lounge to the parlatorium at the University Library – all of them environments that encourage spontaneous exchange with no fixed ob- jective among actors from various disci- plines and status groups. Another means of achieving such an environment is to integrate phases of leisure and autonomy into a busy workday schedule:
44 The international Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS) creates free space for top-notch research and gives it new impetus. Photo: Roger Koeppe networks as “European Universities” by the year 2024. The competition is under- way, and the partners in EUCOR – The European Campus will be submitting a joint proposal. The state government of Baden-Württemberg and the French re- gion of Grand Est have already pledged their support. A European university on the Upper Rhine would pool the skills and potential of 15,000 researchers, 11,000 doctoral candidates, and more than 120,000 students. “Our strategy is to identify areas in the fields of research, teaching, and innovation in which we can gain a clear competitive edge through our cooperation,” says Schiewer. “The international appeal we aim to ge- nerate in this way goes well beyond that which an individual university could achieve on its own.” Dialogue with Society “Connecting Creative Minds” has yet another dimension: dialogue with socie- ty. The university already offers many successful formats for reaching out to the public today – including the “Frei- burg Horizons” lecture series at FRIAS, the Studium Generale program of cour- ses and lectures, joint projects with Lite- raturbüro Freiburg and Theater Freiburg, and even large-scale events like the Freiburg Science Fair. More and more research projects, such as the “Nort- hern Black Forest Knowledge Dialogue” or “Freiburg: City of the Future,” are being designed with direct citizen in- volvement in mind. Former students take on a special role in building up a global network: “Our worldwide alumni are outstanding ambassadors who help us to establish the University of Frei- burg even more firmly as a brand,” says Schiewer. “It gives me great joy when they remain in touch with us as creative minds, show their support for our uni- versity, and provide us with valuable inspiration.” Nicolas Scherger EXCELLENCE STRATEGY “Connecting Creative Minds: Trinational, European, Global” is the motto for the University of Freiburg’s central structural and development planning – and also for its proposal in the second round of the Ex- cellence competition. Freiburg is compe- ting in the “Universities of Excellence” funding line with 16 other universities and two university consortia. An estimated maximum of eleven proposals will be se- lected for funding. The decision will be announced on 19 July 2019. » www.exzellenz.uni-freiburg.de PE RS PEC T I V ES Connecting Creative Minds l e g o V o l i h T : o t o h P Dr. Dorothea Rüland is Secretary General of the German Academic Exchange Service, a University of Freiburg alumna, a member of the University Council, and 2nd chair of Alumni Freiburg e.V. “Creative minds, all the different actors from teaching, research, administration, and the student body, are what universities are all about. The task of a university is to make the most of this creativity. The issues we’re dealing with today are often global in nature – whether it’s targets for sustainable development or renewable energies. These are questions that can- not be answered by any one researcher, university, or even country. It takes glo- bal networks. That’s where the word “connecting” comes in. The University of Freiburg has made that a part of its strategy in three concentric circles: first, trinational in the EUCOR space – Frei- burg and its partners are already well underway on this point; second, in Euro- pe – there is a large-scale European program for creating European univer- sities, and Freiburg plans to take part; and the third circle is the global one. Universities go about their networking much more strategically today than they used to. It’s no longer about having as many partners as possible but about identifying the right ones, the ones that match your own profile. Freiburg has al- ready made a lot of progress here too. The motto thus provides a very good picture of what the tasks of universities are, while also making it clear how Frei- burg has positioned itself for the coming years.”
Cover Story uni‘alumni 2019 5 uni’alumni asked people active in various functions at the University of Freiburg what the new motto “Connecting Creative Minds – Trinational, European, Global” means in concrete terms for their work. i k s w o k l o P s u a K l : o t o h P Dr. Eva von Contzen is a junior professor at the Department of English and the group leader of a literary studies research project funded by the European Research Council (ERC). “For me, the motto ‘Connecting Creative Minds’ means pooling the potential of individual researchers and bringing them together, away from the ivory tower and toward joint work, toward exchange – within one’s own field and with other disciplines. Thinking in groups can be very profitable in the sense that the whole is more than the sum of its parts. I see the motto as a kind of extended or collective intelli- gence that develops in and through ex- change. I myself have always profited from exchanging and discussing ideas, from trying things out, so I’m also a big fan of open and explorative formats in my research that make this possible. Another aspect of ‘Connecting Creative Minds’ is the European and internatio- nal dimension, the idea of bringing together interesting minds. A good example of this is the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS), which is hosting my research group. There, it’s easy to engage in interdisciplinary thin- king and work. o z n e r o L e D a i f o S : o t o h P Julia Ernst has begun a master’s program in German as a foreign language, having previously completed a bachelor’s degree in Romance studies, and also works as a student assistant in the Romance studies mentoring program. “The motto ‘Connecting Creative Minds’ appealed to me immediately. Freiburg’s location near France was one of the main reasons I decided to come here to study Romance studies. I spent two semesters in Strasbourg in the EUCOR program, and that was a very positive experience. I came into contact with French students and many other inter- national students there. When I got back to Freiburg and received an email from the rector about the university’s new motto, I took advantage of the invitation to make suggestions. What I was thin- king about above all was to integrate the strategy into the Romance studies mentoring program. I would enjoy creating more links between German students in Strasbourg and French students in Freiburg, for instance through courses. Other ideas I had were distributing joint email lists and organizing tandems to practice the languages. I think the students would be happy to receive such opportunities and use them as a chance to meet peo- ple and form friendships. I find it impor- tant to develop relations across borders and build bridges.” n n a m h e L . F g r o b e g n I : o t o h P Dr. Rainer Giersiepen is faculty assistant at the Faculty of Engineering. “As faculty assistant at the Faculty of Engineering, I serve in an interface role in relation to support for research and teaching. This means that I need to engage with complex issues and struc- tures and with people at all levels. It’s not just people from my own faculty and from the university but also people from non-university research institutions like the Fraunhofer institutes and the indust- ry partners we interact with. I’m a con- tact person for everyone on account of my position, and I already bring to- gether many different creative minds today. The togetherness is important. I’m convinced that there are a lot of challenges we can only meet by wor- king together. With the aim of being trinational, European, and global, the university’s motto also includes another exciting level. I’ll be delighted if we suc- ceed in working together with other col- leagues from the European Campus universities and learning from each other. It will be very important to com- plement this vision with pragmatic approaches from the faculty.”
6 cover Story uni‘alumni 2019 I NT E RV I E W Biological Signals, Bioinspired Technologie The University of Freiburg’s two new Clusters of Excellence will take up their work in January 2019 It’s a boost for top-notch research in Freiburg: Scientists from the university, the university medical center, the Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE), the Fraunhofer Institute for the Mechanics of Materials (IWM), and the Öko-Institut e.V. have successfully applied for two Clusters of Excellence in the Excellence Strategy competition. Over the course of seven years starting in January 2019, the two projects will receive a total of around 80 million euros in funding. “CIBSS – Centre for Integrative Biological Signalling Studies” is devoted to biological signaling research, “livMatS – Living, Adaptive, and Energy-autonomous Materials Systems” to bioinspired materials research. Nicolas Scherger asked two scientists from the teams of cluster spokespersons, Prof. Dr. Wilfried-Weber for CIBSS and Prof. Dr. Jürgen Rühe for livMatS, about the research programs. uni’alumni: Prof. Rühe, Prof. Weber, what is the scientific objective of the new clusters? Jürgen Rühe: Today’s materials receive fixed properties during production. In nature, on the other hand, living systems can adapt autonomously to changes in their environment. We want to combine these two worlds by taking ideas from nature and transferring them to technical materials. An important aspect is to determine where the energy that makes this adaptability possible comes from. Living organisms use sunlight or food for this purpose. Our materials systems are designed to harvest energy from their environment autonomously. Wilfried Weber: The human body consists of around 30 trillion cells. In order for all of them to coordinate their functioning and activity with each other and make up a functioning body, they need to communicate with each other by exchanging biological signals. Our goal is to reach a comprehensive understanding of how this language of life works. In addition, we aim to study how these signals are connected to other important biological processes, like metabolism. On the basis of this understanding, we want to intervene selectively in this communication process to make precise changes to biological functions. Scientists from different disciplines work together in the clusters. What are the advantages of this? Jürgen Rühe: As we make high demands on qualities like adapta- bility or energy supply, the solutions can’t be found in a single magic material but in the interaction between different components, a materials system. We therefore need specialized knowledge from biology, which is the cornerstone of bioinspired research, from chemistry and physics, and also from engineering, which provides the means of assembling the systems. Another aspect is the consequences for society: Do people want these materials systems at all? How susta- inable is this research? What does autonomy of materials mean? We want to consider these aspects in our research right from the start together with psycholo- gists and philosophers. Wilfried Weber: The communication via biological signals occurs at all levels in the body, starting with the molecules – over a period of milliseconds and in sizes in the nanometer range. These reactions have an effect on what a cell, an organ, or even an entire organism does. To gain a full under- standing of how the signals are transmitted along these diffe- rent scales, we need specialists who work at the levels of the molecules, the cells, the organs, and the entire organism – in other words, everything from biophysics to medicine.
7 Jürgen Rühe, professor for the chemistry and physics of interfaces, is one of the three spokespersons for livMatS – Living, Adaptive, and Energy-autonomous Materials Systems, along with Anna Fischer, professor for nanomaterials, and Thomas Speck, professor for botany – functional morphology and bionics. Wilfried Weber, professor for synthetic biology, is a spokesperson for CIBSS – Centre for Integrative Biological Signalling Studies, along with Carola Hunte, professor for biochemistry–structural biology, and Wolfgang Driever, professor for developmental biology. Photos: Jürgen Gocke What project will you be contributing to the cluster? Rühe: My working group is concerned with the chemistry and physics of interfaces. Those are the areas between the different materials of the system and the outer surface, which interacts with the environment. Important questions include how two mate- rials stick to one another or whether a layer is permeable for par- ticular materials. In concrete terms, we will be dealing with the longevity of the materials systems. For example, we will study how a system can get rid of parts it no longer regards as benefi- cial. In addition, we are collaborating with our col leagues to deve- lop materials systems that are stiffer and harder precisely at the points where they are exposed to mechanical stress. Weber: My working group comes from synthetic biology. We develop methods and apply them to precisely control biological signals. For this purpose, we use our molecular tools from optogenetics, with which we can send control signals via light. For example, we can illuminate a cell with red light to trigger a switch in it, causing it to turn a gene on or off, to begin to grow, or to develop into another cell type. This allows us to influence the function of the cell by means of signaling processes. What applications could the clusters make possible in the long term? Rühe: We are conducting fundamental research but are pointing the way to long-term prospects for applications with the help of demonstrators. One of them presents the methodological principle: We are constructing a synthetic Venus flytrap, a mate- rials system for which it should no longer be possible to judge whether it is living or synthetic on the basis of its appearance and function. The second is an automatic gripping arm that works without a camera and image recognition: The materials system feels whether the object is light or heavy, hard or soft, and the arm grabs onto it accordingly. Practical applications for this could include prostheses that automatically adjust themselves to the body, packaging materials that automatically reinforce them selves at critical points, or building facades that level out differences in temperature, for example in order to prevent overheating. Weber: One area of application is the sustainable production of crop plants. The roots engage in a wide variety of commu- ni cation processes with the surrounding soil. Among other things, the plant senses how much water or salt is available and can interact with soil bacteria. We want to study this communication and then, for example, help plants to produce their own fertilizer. Another goal is more effective immune therapies. New forms of therapy for cancer rely on activating the body’s own immune system: Immune cells are located all over the body and can track down and destroy even the most distant cancer cells. We want to gain a comprehensive under- standing of the communication between immune and cancer cells and modify it specifically to exploit the full potential of these therapies. How will the project communicate with the public? Rühe: We developed the concept “learning from nature in nature” as a means of presenting our research to the public. We use the plants at the university’s botanical garden as illustrative objects, since nature has developed all kinds of wonderful materials. While discussions on the properties of materials can be rather dry and listeners tune out in boredom when they hear terms like “elasticity module” or “elongation at break,” many people are interested in questions like: Why does a macadamia nut drive a nutcracker to despair? Why doesn’t a six kilogram pomelo break into a thousand pieces when it falls 15 meters to the floor? The illustrative material at the botanical garden gets us into a discussion about materials, the properties of materials, and new concepts for materials. Weber: We rely a lot on disseminators to communicate our knowledge to society. An important goal is to pass on the fascination for our research to school students. For example, we have students give a presentation on the exciting possi- bilities of signaling research at their former school. In additi- on, we hold continuing education courses to familiarize schoolteachers with modern methods and make experiments reflecting the current state of research available to them for their lessons. » www.pr.uni-freiburg.de/go/cluster
8 Alumni Network uni‘alumni 2019 I NT E RV I E W Foresight for the World As chief economist of the World Bank Group, Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg has fulfilled a dream that goes all the way back to her time as a student in Freiburg That is one of the most remarkable achievements of the past 50 years, particularly in East and Southeast Asia. Peace is the most important factor. The past 30 years were relatively peaceful, apart from crisis areas and war zones like Syria. Another factor is China’s growth, which may be put down to a combination of export-oriented industrial policy and a solid partnership between the state and the private sector. In the past 50 years, globalization and trade has led above all in Asia to growth of the middle class. But we should also not lose sight of regions like sub-Saharan Africa, where poverty has not decreased. When you look back on your time at the University of Freiburg, what moments do you find particularly memorable? We had a great study group that we started up already in our first semester. We ended up becoming good friends. We didn’t just study together; we also had a lot of fun together. We cooked together, especially often chili con carne. It was the only food we could afford back then. I’m also fond of remembering an amateur theater group I was in. Freiburg and its environs, with all the breathtaking hiking trails, is not just beautiful but also a place where it’s easy to meet people. How did your studies in Freiburg prepare you for the stages of your career path – including such reputable US universities as Princeton, Columbia, and Yale? It was my ticket to Stanford. Thanks to the University of Freiburg’s approach, I was well prepared for Stanford. While the USA concentrates more on the latest research and current methods, the University of Freiburg acquainted me Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg has served as chief economist of the World Bank since November 2018. Photo: Yale University F rom Athens, Greece, via Freiburg, Palo Alto, and New Haven, to Washington D.C., USA: Prof. Dr. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg’s academic career path has led her to the upper echelons of the economic world. The Yale University economics professor has been appointed as chief economist of the World Bank, where she is strengthening research with her specializations income distribution and poverty reduction. In an interview with Christine Louise Hohlbaum, the native Greek reveals what she’s looking forward to in her new post, why her studies in Freiburg gave her a key edge in the USA, and why she would like to return to her alma mater. in uni’alumni: Professor Goldberg, you took up your work as chief economist of the World Bank Group in late November 2018. What is the main focus of your new post? Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg: The World Bank’s mission is to reduce poverty all over the world and enable everyone to share in the world’s prosperity. In the past years, the World Bank’s vision has expanded to include a variety of issues, including climate change. So my work won’t be limited to trade issues. Being confronted on a day-to-day basis with political issues will be the most exciting thing for me. I’m looking forward to seeing things with my own eyes and working on location with people at the World Bank who possess profound knowledge. In return, I will be in the posi- tion to urge the political decision-makers to engage in struc- tured theoretical thinking. The global poverty rate is currently at an all-time low. What factors contributed to this development?
9 with the history of economic thought. I had a broader perspective on all of the topics than many of my classmates in the USA. How did your time in Freiburg influence your decision to do a doctorate at Stanford University and work later as a university professor? advantage, because it provided me with a larger context. The real reason why I wrote my doctoral dissertation was because I wanted to work at the World Bank. My life initially took another direction with my decision to instead pursue an academic career, but now I have the chance to live the dream I was alrea- dy dreaming back then. When were you last in Freiburg? The course of study in Freiburg was intellectually stimulating. Although I had gone to a German-language secondary school in Greece, it was of course something else to live and study in Germany. The academic approach gave me an enormous I haven’t been there since my graduation in 1986, but I would be very happy to come back one day and maybe give a talk to inspire young people to make their dreams come true too. M Y CO U RS E CE R T I FI CAT E: S E BAST I A N 23 The Apocalypse Didn’t Happen Sebastian 23, born in Duisburg in 1979, is a poetry slammer, guitarist, and book author and lives in Bochum. He studied philosophy in Freiburg from 1999 to 2004. His latest book, published in conjunction with his sixth solo program, is titled Endlich erfolglos (“Finally unsuccessful”). Photo: Henriette Becht I began my studies in the 1999/2000 winter semester, when we all thought the world was about to end because the computers would all crash at the turn of the year. An amusing thought, because the computing capacity of all the world’s computers back then was somewhere around that of my dishwashing machine alone today. history. I wouldn’t have to finish any of the courses anyway, because the apoca- lypse was going to happen that year before exam week. My first professor was Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Reinhardt, who was not just an ingenious historian but also full of wonderful anecdotes. What is also ironic is that as a young student I was more afraid of doing the dishes in my shared apartment than I was of the end of the world. So since the future prospects looked so bleak, I turned to the past and studied One story he had was about how he had once given his students a language test in which they had to translate an English text on the Diet of Worms (German “Reichstag zu Worms”) called by King Charles V. The text included the sentence “The diet of Worms took place in 1521.” One of his students translated it as “1521 gab es eine Wurmdiät” (“In 1521 there was a worm diet.”). Brilliant. When the apocalypse unexpectedly didn’t happen, I earned my first course certificate. Wolfgang Reinhardt warned me: “Hold on to this, and remember: This university is a Schein-university” (the German “Schein” meaning both “course certificate” and “sham” or “bogus”). And yet more than just the Schein stuck with me: When a passerby on the street asks me today when the Diet of Worms took place, I always have the answer on the tip of my tongue.
10 Trained in physics, honored in chemistry: Nobel laureate Joachim Frank. Photo: Klaus Polkowski I NT E RV I E W Without Blinders Nobel laureate Joachim Frank was influenced early on by interdisciplinary research In October 2017, Joachim Frank was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. His scientific success story began at the University of Freiburg, where he passed his intermediate examination in physics in 1963. Anita Rüffer spoke with the 78-year-old German-American, who lives in New York, when he revisited the place where he took his first steps in the scientific world 55 years ago. uni’alumni: Prof. Frank, would you choose Freiburg again if you were beginning a course of study in physics today? Joachim Frank: Back then the uni- versities were all the same, at least for undergraduate studies. There weren’t any rankings yet. Now the field is very diversified. I would find out in advance where which foci are offered and how the various departments are equipped and staffed. For me it was a stroke of luck to begin my studies in a smaller city, because there weren’t so many diversions. Although my school grades in physics were excellent, I had to work a whole lot in Freiburg to follow the lectures. After passing my intermediate examination I moved on to Munich. The decision was motivated less by aca- demic concerns than by the flair of the big city. Would physics still be your field of choice? After all, the field you received the Nobel Prize in was, surprisingly, chemistry. For me, physics means a particular analytical way of thinking and seeing the world in its spatial relationships. That’s how I’m built. So it has a certain logical consistency to it that I succee- ded in making the three-dimensional structure of biomolecules visible with electron microscopy, which is what I later received the Nobel Prize for. Were the foundations for your career laid in Freiburg? Freiburg was a very important starting point for me in that the good grade I received on my intermediate examinati- on earned me a scholarship from the German National Academic Foundation. It’s thanks to the foundation that I was accepted into an interdisciplinary wor- king group in Munich. This interdiscipli- nary research had a formative influence on me. We dealt with topics like cyber- netics and molecular genetics. There are so many points of interaction between physics, chemistry, and biolo- gy. I devoted myself to biology as a physicist and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. It’s not just in an academic sense that you cross borders; you also cross continental borders. You be- came an American citizen in 1997 and live in New York. Do you still feel like a German? liked I would have to keep my German citizenship, but I would have been required to meet a lot of condi- tions on account of a law from the Nazi era. That was very irritating, so I didn’t pursue it any further. Now I’m having another go at it, after the many congra- tulation letters I received from Germany also included one from the German pre- sident. I let him know about the prob- lems I had keeping my citizenship in my letter of thanks. You walk through the world without wearing scientific blinders. You broaden your horizons as a photographer and poetry and prose author, and you also take a clear stance on political issues. Already in the late 1960s, I demonst- rated against the inflammatory media of the Springer press. That was important to me. In Berkeley I participated in demonstrations against the Vietnam War. I’m horrified by the escapades of the current US President and also speak my mind about them in public.
Alumni Network uni‘alumni 2019 11 P O R T R A I T With Expertise and Amazement The honorary senators Gerda and Fritz Ruf were instrumental in building up the Faculty of Engineering A gain and again, they find an occasi- on to travel from Heilbronn, where they live, to Freiburg, where they grew up and met. That was long ago: Gerda Ruf was born in 1929, Dr. Fritz Ruf in 1927. They both represent a piece of contemporary history, but they don’t make a big thing out of it. By means of their Fritz Hüttinger Foundation, they have supported science and the re- search of innovative technologies in electrical energy and also contributed to the cultivation of community and civic engagement. Moreover, they created the University of Freiburg’s first named professorship, the Fritz Hüttinger Chair of Microelect- ronics – an important step in the deve- lopment of the Faculty of Engineering. In 2018 the University of Freiburg con- ferred the title of honorary senator on Gerda and Fritz Ruf. Gerda Ruf is the last partner of the company Hüttinger Electronik, which was founded by her father Fritz Hüttinger in 1922 and is now called Trumpf Hüttin- ger. Her husband is a member of the ad- visory board. The idea that he would work in his father-in-law’s company was never up for discussion. Rather, it was clear right from the start of his chemistry studies in Freiburg that his passion was for food chemistry. He rendered great services to this field in the course of his life, for which he received the Federal Outstanding patrons: The couple Gerda and Dr. Fritz Ruf created the University of Freiburg’s first named professorship. Photo: Thomas Kunz Cross of Merit 1st class from the German president. Food chemistry was not even offered as a field of study in Freiburg back then. Fritz Ruf initiated it, so to speak, and was also the first student of the field. Lending a Hand in Times of Need The first thing to do after the war, however, was to clean up the rubble: Both the company Hüttinger and the Institute of Chemistry at the university fell victim to the devastating air raid on Freiburg in November 1944. They were therefore both used to lending a hand in times of need, particularly as Fritz Ruf had many practical abilities, such as driving a tractor and welding. Later on, this hands-on support became financial and non-material support, for instance for the Freiburger Barockorchester. When the ensemble finally found its own home, the couple “helped out a bit,” says Gerda Ruf with all due modesty. It was in Freiburg’s municipal theater that she and her husband first met. Their love of music has remained with them ever since. Fritz Ruf nearly took up a civil service career in Freiburg as a state-certified food chemist. His wife objected to the idea: “That was too settled for me.” In the ensuing years the couple led a life on the go, with stints in Ludwigshafen, Karlsruhe, and Heilbronn. Fritz Ruf worked in executive positions in the chemical industry and as a freelance food expert and made a name for himself in food law as well as in research and development. He went on to write a doctoral dissertation on the history of nutrition at the ripe age of 65. Gerda Ruf didn’t just tag along as a passive companion on all these acti- vities; “she put her heart and soul into them,” says her husband. In 2017 they celebrated their diamond wedding anniversary in Freiburg – in St. Anne’s Church, where they were married. The two follow the research their foundation has made possible at the University of Freiburg’s Faculty of Engineering with interest, expertise, and amazement. Anita Rüffer
12 P O R T R A I T The Iconoclast The artist Anselm Kiefer feels a commitment to history unfinished paintings. “A good artist is al- ways also an iconoclast who scrutinizes his own work,” says Kiefer. “When you start painting a picture, you should bear in mind from the outset that it could fail.” Kiefer’s works hang in famous muse- ums in London, Paris, and New York. He has received numerous awards for his works, and the University of Frei- burg has recognized him as well, con- ferring an honorary doctorate on its alumnus in late 2017. He feels a close bond with his alma mater, said Kiefer at the ceremony. Much of what he learned during his studies at the University of Freiburg has had an impact on his life so far. Yet Kiefer believes that even with all the knowledge we accumulate, a grain of uncertainty always remains in our view of the world: “Some physicists believe that there were several big bangs and that there’s another universe beside our own. It’s possible to describe it in mathematical terms, but it can’t be grasped by humans. The only means is through art.” Sonja Seidel Shevirat Ha Kelim, 2009 Metal, glass, and acrylic Photo: Charles Duprat Alumnus with an honorary doctorate: Anselm Kiefer. His first attempt to get hold of the past caught attention at the academy of arts: For his final project, “Besetzun- gen” (“Occupations”), the young Anselm Kiefer traveled through Europe at the end of the 1960s and gave the Hitler sa- lute on public squares. The main reason why he did that, explains Kiefer, was to experience what his history was and to ask himself how he himself would have acted in the historical situation of the Nazi regime. “Nowadays it’s easy to say that one is an antifascist. I’ve never claimed that of myself, because I find it cheap.” How the Germans stand in relation to fascism is a question that deeply concerns Kiefer and many others of his generation. The painter and sculptor was born in 1945 in Donaueschingen. In 1965 he began a course of study in Romance studies and law at the Univer- sity of Freiburg. At the same time he learned to paint under Peter Dreher at the Freiburg branch of the State Acade- my of Fine Arts Karlsruhe. He traveled to Heidelberg to take part in demonstra- tions after the death of the RAF activist Holger Meins in this time and was in the audience at the discussion between the politician Ralf Dahrendorf and the student activist Rudi Dutschke in front of Freiburg’s municipal hall in 1968. In the same year he moved to Karlsruhe to attend the Academy of Fine Arts; the Düsseldorf-based artist Joseph Beuys became his mentor. History still forms the core of Kiefer’s works today. Today he is regarded by many as the most im- portant contemporary German artist. Like Beuys, he works with unusual materials, for instance incorporating ashes and lead into his works. When he began studying, hardly anyone was grappling with contempo- rary history, explains Kiefer. “I came to realize that there was something violent hidden behind the silence concerning the past.” The Holocaust and the oblite- ration of Jewish culture in Germany are recurring subjects in his early works, enriched with national myths like that of the Niebelungs. From the 1980s on, they are joined by motifs from Greek and Egyptian mythology as well as Jewish mysticism. Today Kiefer occasionally breathes new life into works from earlier years. His studio in Paris is equipped with a 300-meter-long row of containers for this purpose, in which he collects
14 Alumni Network uni‘alumni 2019 I NT E RV I E W Law with Joie de Vivre Two generations, one field of study, one university: A father and son compare their experiences Freiburg because of its location in the “three-country corner” and its proxi- mity to France – and of course the university’s good reputation already played a role back then. What seminar do you still remember today – and why? Harro: I have especially good memories of a seminar on Roman law taught by Prof. Dr. Joseph Georg Wolf. It involved exegesis of the Digest, the study of the old Roman legal texts – in Latin. It had something playful about it. I held a pre- sentation about the protocol and the organizational structure of the state priest system in the Roman Empire in this seminar. Florian: The seminar I remember best was one by Prof. Dr. Götz von Craushaar on private construction law. I usually worked part-time jobs at construction sites during semester breaks and found it interesting to also learn about the complex legal aspects of this sector. What did you do after graduating? Harro: I started my judicial service training at a law firm in Freiburg but had already set my sights on the Federal Foreign Office. I took the entrance exa- mination and, to my surprise, I passed. Florian: Somewhat by coincidence, I spent a lot of time on European law in my last semester and became really interested in it. After that, I went to Brussels and received the opportunity to complete a one-year follow-up program at the College of Europe in Bruges. There I specialized in European antitrust law and the law of economic order. That put me on the path to my current position. Florian Adt works as a legal expert for a large company. Photo: privat O ne became a diplomat, the other a corporate lawyer with executive responsibilities. Harro Adt and his son Florian studied law in Freiburg roughly 30 years apart from each other. They provided uni’alumni details about their experiences as students, their memo- ries of Freiburg, and the further course of their lives. uni’alumni: Why did you decide to study law and why did you choose Freiburg as your place of study? Harro Adt: Law was the field of study for generalists back then; you couldn’t go wrong with it. Why in Freiburg? I started my studies in Munich but succumbed to the temptations of the big city. I was out a lot at night and only rarely at the university during the day. When it became clear that my studies weren’t going to go anywhere in this way, I looked for a place where you can study without losing your joie de vivre. So I decided on Freiburg. Florian Adt: Law opens up a lot of pos- sibilities. The example set by my father certainly also played a part. I chose What topics from your studies do you regard as having been completely un necessary for your career? Harro and Florian together: Law of enforcement! And what was particularly important? Harro: I needed the analytical abilities taught in jurisprudence throughout my life. I found myself again and again in new circumstances in which I had to get my bearings. It is the job of a jurist to find the pattern in a mess of facts and to separate the important from the less important. Florian: The method of grasping facts and taking them apart in a structured way is applicable in many areas. I also find that knowledge of constitutional law and public law are helpful in under- standing the political and societal discourse. That is still of great use to me today. What, in your opinion, changed about law studies in the 30 years between your times as students? Harro: In my time, if you had passed the Second State Law Examination, you could be sure of finding a job. We didn’t need to outstudy our fellow students. Young people today are un- der much more pressure. I don’t even consider it out of the question that jurisprudence is among the fields that might die out on account of artificial intelligence. At least 50 percent of a jurist’s work consists in assembling the legal texts and particularly the relevant specialist literature and judicial pre- cedents. These things can be accom- plished much faster and better by means of algorithms. Florian: The job profile of the jurist will change, but I believe that jurisprudence will always need human intelligence. Legal conditions are shaped by other things than just objective legal aspects; oftentimes strategic considerations play a role, as do various economic and
B E T W E E N T H E L I N ES No Roots but Legs Lives on the road: Arnold Stadler. Photo: Jürgen Bauer 15 Arnold Stadler’s page on his publisher’s website lists three places of residence for the author: Berlin, Sallahn in the Wendland, and Rast, a village lo- cated between Meßkirch and Lake Con- stance. Is it possible to live in three places at once? “I don’t live in all of them at once but in each by turns. How- ever, experience has shown that it’s two places of residence too many,” Stadler admits. “The three places have to do with the fact that I was stuck in a single place for almost the first 20 years of my life and always dreamed of setting off to discover the world and the sea. This im- pulse is still stirring in me today. But co- ming back is also nice. I know that now.” Stadler started by studying Catholic theology to become a priest, in Munich and Rome. He completed the course of study, which is “basically dedicated to a single book, known earlier as the book of books, on account of which so many universities were founded, including Freiburg,” with a diplom degree in theo- logy in Freiburg, writing his degree the- sis under Prof. Dr. Karl Lehmann. Stadler then began a second course of study in linguistics and literary studies in Freiburg. When one asks the 64-year-old today what he remembers most about Frei- burg, his main place of residence from 1976 into the new millennium, the first thing that comes to Stadler’s mind is how he wrote large parts of his first book, Ich war einmal (“I Was Once”), on the balcony of his apartment on Went- zingerstraße with an unobstructed view of the Freiburg Minster, Schauinsland, and the passing trains, using pen and paper to do so. And above all how he wrote his second book, titled Feuerland (“Land of Fire”). In 1977 he set off for the southernmost tip of South America for the first time. He has since wrote many novels and won many awards, including the Georg Büchner and the Kleist Prize, and taken many more trips to places all over the world. Now, however, he is considering limiting himself to a single home base as a starting point for his journeys to di- stant parts. Perhaps it will be Freiburg. But he has no use for words like “home- land” or “roots”: “We humans have no roots; we have legs we can use to set off into the world.” Jürgen Reuß personal interests. Those are things artificial intelligence will not be able to grasp so quickly. In regard to the training, I’m impressed by the range of skills and practical experiences young jurists have today even at graduation. Here too, there has been quite a bit of change. Where’s the first place you go when you come back to Freiburg? Florian: To the Kastaniengarten, the beer garden on Schlossberg with the wonderful view over the city. I have many great memories of this place. Harro: First of all and without fail, I go to Münsterplatz. Harro Adt, born in 1942, studied law in Munich and in Freiburg (1964 to 1969), where he passed the First and Second State Examinations in 1969 and 1972, respectively. He then joined the Federal Foreign Office and took up a career as a diplomat. His foreign assignments included a post in India, where his son Florian was born. His last position was as German ambassa- dor to South Africa. Since retiring, Harro Adt has lived near Göttingen. Florian Adt, born in 1974, studied law in Göttingen (from 1994 to 1996) and in Freiburg (from 1996 to 1999) and passed his First State Exami- nation in Freiburg. After completing a follow-up program at the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, and pas- sing the Second State Examination, he worked as a lawyer in Brussels before joining the legal department at the au- tomotive group Daimler. He has served as head of the area of legal regulatory compliance at the company headquar- ters in Stuttgart since 2016. Harro Adt machte eine Diplomatenkarriere Photo: privat
16 A LU M N I A N SW E R M ee t ing A g ain ... The second class of the master’s program Environmental Governance (MEG) began their course of study in 2006. Ten years after graduating, in 2018, the alumni met again at the Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources to wallow in memories of their time as students and to tell each other about the further course of their lives. Kerstin Ernst spoke with several of them and asked them the following question: “What are you doing now, ten years after earning your degree in MEG?” r e g e e S k c i r t a P : s o t o h P Saran Selenge (36), from Mongolia, works as a research assistant for the UNDP in Turkey. “I work in the partnership team of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Istanbul, Turkey. We support the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia in achieving the goals of sustainable development set in 2015 by the nongovernmental organization Global Communities. My job is to see which partnerships we can enter into with other countries and organizations to achieve these goals. The MEG pro- gram is designed to be intercultural and interdisciplinary. Working together with people from different countries helps the students to understand the big challenges of our time and look beyond the boundaries of their own disciplines. This consciousness for interculturalism is highly relevant for work in internatio- nal institutions like the United Nations. Furthermore, graduates of the degree program are capable of tackling com- plex issues and reflecting critically on them.” Rob Elsworth (33), from Great Britain, works as a technical advisor to the UNEP in Sudan. “I live in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, where I work for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The project I’m working on supports the Sudanese government in improving the understanding and the integration of climate resilience and environmental management in national and state plans and guidelines. The main focus is on climate change, integrated water catch- ment management, the management of natural resources, and the inclusion of environmental concerns and proven me- thods in humanitarian program planning. The MEG degree program at the Univer- sity of Freiburg provided me with the ba- sis for daily work in my job. The program was very well structured and internatio- nal. Studying and working with students from around the world inspired us to en- gage in critical thinking, dialogue, and discussion. This combination also gave me a certain self-confidence, because it made me feel I was well prepared for different fields of work.” Sunae Kim (38), from South Korea, works as a portfolio manager for UNOPS in Thailand. “In 2018 I began working for the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in Thailand’s capital city Bangkok. I’m working in a program on trade issues in my area of speciali- zation food and agriculture. Fourteen countries are participating in the pro- ject, and my job as portfolio manager is to see how the projects are imple- mented there and determine what might be improved. The MEG program provi- ded me with the perfect education, be- cause today I advise many projects from the technical domain. I liked the way of teaching in Freiburg. In Germany you have more freedom and flexibility as a student. That of course also me- ans that you have to be proactive if you want to discuss your own ideas with professors, but I very much enjoyed that.”
Alumni Network uni'alumni 2019 ... Ten Years Later 17 h s a l p s n U , r e f f i Z y e l d a r B : o t o h P Irene Papst (37), from Austria, works as a senior advisor at Heat GmbH in Königstein. “I work at a consulting firm that’s specia- lized in the issue of ozone protection/ climate protection. My area of respon- sibility is political consulting – for the European Commission, but also for countries like Turkey. I also write studies on the future consumption of fluorinated greenhouse gases, also known as F- gases. They are used as substitutes for substances that deplete the ozone layer. It’s usually a matter of replacing synthetic refrigerants with natural refri- gerants that are better for the climate. The master’s program broadened my horizons: As I had previously completed a technical course of study in earth sci- ences and had actually always wanted to do something involving the environ- ment to improve the world, the program helped me to combine the two. The con- tact with people from all over the world makes this course of study very special. You get to know and understand diffe- rent mentalities, for instance with regard to how they work and deal with the pres- sure of meeting deadlines. Since I work internationally, it helps me a lot to re- member these different approaches.” Jelly Mae Moring (36), from the Philippines, works as a program manager for the organization World Habitat in Great Britain. “I work at the charitable organization World Habitat, which recognizes and promotes good and innovative housing ideas worldwide. We recognize good ideas with our annual World Habitat Award, which is awarded to one housing project each in the north and the southern hemisphere. I’m respon- sible for the coordination and develop- ment of exchange between colleagues as well as for knowledge transfer from the successful projects aimed at enab- ling other people to learn from them and apply this knowledge in their own countries. The master’s program in Freiburg broadened my perspective on the issue of sustainability: There’s not just black and white but always also gray areas. I can apply what I learned very well in my profession. The issue of housing might seem very specialized at first glance, but it is connected to a lot of other issues. Sustainability is one of them. I particularly enjoyed having classmates with a lot of different opini- ons and backgrounds. We’ve built up a real network.” Flavia Gabriela Oyo Franca (35), from Brazil, works as a chief compliance officer in Angola. “After graduating, I worked as a climate and forest researcher at an independent nongovernmental organization and then moved on to the private sector: to an international engineering and construction firm with a strong culture of sustainability and corresponding policies. In the past nine years, I’ve been involved in infra- structural projects in Africa designed to increase the importance of sustainable regional development, involvement of civil society, environmental protection, and compliance with laws and transpa- rency guidelines. I also worked on a re- finery project where I was responsible for checking whether environmental standards were met and all necessary permits obtained. Now I have the job of ensuring good governance and compli- ance with corporate standards; imple- menting the guidelines and procedures in cross-sectional areas, in particular as the regional compliance coordinator for Europe, Middle East, and Africa; and coordinating a communication and training program focused on compli- ance. The MEG program prepared me well for these tasks: Apart from the interaction with people from different cultures, what I liked is that there was never a formal solution to problems. We compiled and investigated eve- rything on our own. Just like in real life: Nobody just provides you with the right solution – and there is never a single solution that is always right for eve- rything.”
18 D O N AT I O N S A N D SU PP O R T Promoting Research and Teaching The booster association Alumni Frei- burg e.V. has set itself the goal of impro- ving the conditions for students at the University of Freiburg by promoting re- search and teaching. Our 2018/19 Christ- mas donation campaign is devoted to “Studienstarthilfe,” a financial aid program designed to help students with disadvan- tages of a personal or biographical nature get their studies off to a successful start. The booster association also awards the most scholarships in the national “Deutschlandstipendium” program and the Alumni Prize for Social Involvement. In 2018 this prize was awarded to two stu- dent initiatives: “Rock Your Life! Freiburg” for its work providing counseling and guidance to secondary school students with difficult social, economic, or family backgrounds, and “Refugee Law Clinic Freiburg” for its engagement on behalf of refugees. Among other things, Alumni Freiburg e.V. also supports excursions for students, offers travel grants for students attending conferences, and awards alum- ni prizes at the faculty graduation cere- monies (three examples on page 21). to transferred Donations for the individual projects can be the booster association’s bank account at Sparkasse Freiburg – Nördlicher Breisgau. Please indicate which project you would like your donation to support in the “reason for payment” field. Diana Sack Bank Account: Alumni Freiburg e.V. IBAN: DE92 6805 0101 0014 0016 00 Swift/BIC: FRSPDE66 Donors receive a receipt of donation from the booster association Alumni Freiburg e.V. » www.alumni-foerdern.uni-freiburg.de Welcoming day for beginning students at the University of Freiburg: The new funding program is targeted at beginning students. Photo: Patrick Seeger ST U D I E N STA R T H I LFE Overcoming Obstacles Up to 750 euros a month in short-term financial aid: That’s the idea of the new “Studienstarthilfe” funding program laun- ched by the University of Freiburg at the beginning of the 2018/19 winter semester. It’s targeted at already accepted students who encounter difficulties funding their studies, for instance due to an illness, be- cause their parents are incapable of sup- porting them, because they are caring for family members, or because they came to Freiburg from a crisis region. The funding program is designed to tide such students over until they receive public or private fi- nancial aid they have applied for. Alumni Freiburg e.V. is supporting this initiative. The university awards Studienstarthilfe in cooperation with the Studierendenwerk Freiburg–Schwarzwald. The prerequisite for applying is acute financial difficulties, and applications are only accepted within the context of advising from the Studie- rendenwerk or the University of Freiburg’s Student Service Center. The advisors check whether the students qualify for need-based aid from the federal govern- ment (BAföG) or are eligible to apply for scholarships or student loans. If it’s pos- sible to work out a long-term financial perspective, the students may apply for Studienstarthilfe for a maximum of six months. The program thus tides students over until they secure long-term funding. Studienstarthilfe is the University of Freiburg’s second long-term student funding measure after the Deutschland- stipendium program, which was laun- ched in Freiburg in 2012. While the new program also takes into account special achievements against the backdrop of personal disadvantages, its main em- phasis is on social aspects. The Deutschlandstipendium program, by contrast, is based more strongly on achievement. Half of each scholarship is funded by foundations, companies, and private donors, and the other half is covered by the federal government. For the 2018/19 academic year, the University of Freiburg awarded 145 Deutschlandstipendium scholarships. The booster association Alumni Freiburg e.V. made the largest contribution, fun- ding 34 scholarships. The Studienstarthilfe program is also financed by private donations. Alumni Freiburg e.V. will also be supporting this project and asks all members to contri- bute donations to it; the Maria Laden- burger Foundation, administrated by the booster association, is providing an initial amount of 10,000 euros to support the new Studienstarthilfe program. Peter Allmann
Alumni Network uni‘alumni 2019 19 A LU M N I PR I Z E Meeting Little Gods Kathrin Müller and Michael Kempf each received an Alumni Prize from the Faculty of Humanities for the master’s theses they wrote under Prof. Dr. Se- bastian Brather in the field of early his- torical archaeology. “I wasn’t aware, to be honest, that this prize even existed,” says Müller. Their professor nominated them for the prize more or less behind their backs – only informing them of their success two days before the awards ceremony. A happy surprise that earned them 200 euros each in pri- ze money and nonmaterial recognition for their work. “It is an honor for us,” says Michael Kempf. They also agree that is useful to be able to include the award on their cur ricula vitae – for instance in apply- ing for scholarships to fund their disser- tation projects, which Sebastian Brather is also supervising. Kathrin Müller is expanding on her research on the transformation of burial culture in the Early Middle Ages in her doctoral dis- sertation, while Michael Kempf is inves- tigating the early medieval settlement of Bissingen an der Teck. At the confe- rence of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA) in Barcelona, Spain, the two had the chance to pre- sent the results of their research so far, receive direct feedback, listen to other presentations, network with some of the more than 3000 international parti- cipants, and “meet our little gods,” as Kempf puts it, by which he means as- king the luminaries of the field questi- ons invaluable experiences of course also came at an expense. The two are thus very grateful for the financial support of donors from the booster association e.V. in person. These Simon Langemann FI E LD T R I P A Visit to the “Special Case” Kathrin Müller and Michael Kempf received the 2018 Alumni Prize for their master’s theses in the field of early historical archaeology. Photo: Simon Langemann CO N FE R E N CE PRO CE E D I N G S Points of Literary Contact I l l u s t r a t i o n : V e r l a g F r a n k & i T m m e Switzerland occupies an exceptio- nal position within Europe due to its identity as a “special case” and thanks to its policy of neutrality in foreign relations. The students investigated how these peculiarities are related to historical global interdependencies in places like Basel, Bern, Lausanne, and Geneva. The issues they focused on included Switzerland’s involvement in the international slave trade, its colonial missionary activities, and its policy of neutrality in foreign relations as well as the significance of this poli- cy as an economic factor. The trip demonstrated to the students that it’s not always necessary to travel far to study the connections of world history – sometimes it’s enough to visit a neighboring country to gain new insight. Isabel Schwörer A year after the graduate con- ference “Literatur- kontakte – Texte, Kulturen, Märkte” (“Literary Contact – Texts, Cultures, Markets”) was held in Freiburg amid great interest in July 2017, the confe- rence proceedings have been publis- hed with support from the booster association Alumni Freiburg e.V. The publication includes twelve contribu- tions from speakers at the conference, including those by the Freiburg literary scholar Prof. Dr. Weertje Willms and the Cologne media studies expert Prof. Dr. Stephan Packard, who gave the keynote speech. The texts are orga- nized into sections covering cultures, media, and markets as three points of literary contact. On Lake Geneva. Photo: by-studio, Fotolia On a field trip to Switzerland, ten stu- dents from the University of Freiburg’s Department of History and their teacher Dr. Friedemann Pestel had the opportu- nity to explore the actual locations dealt with in their seminar on the transnatio- nal history of the Alpine republic.
20 University News uni‘alumni 2019 Andreas Mehler is the director of the Arnold Bergstraesser Institute and a professor of development theories and development policy at the University of Freiburg. Photo: Klaus Polkowski I NT E RV I E W Eliminating Asymmetries The “Maria Sibylla Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa” at the University of Ghana has opened, with the University of Freiburg participating The “Maria Sibylla Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa” (MIASA) has opened in Accra, the capi- tal of Ghana. The institute is a meeting place for researchers from Germany, Africa, and other world regions studying the topic of “sustainable governance.” Many prestigious institutions are colla- borating on MIASA. The concept is being coordinated by the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS) and Freiburg’s Arnold Bergstraesser Insti tute (ABI). Mathias Heybrock asked ABI’s director Prof. Dr. Andreas Mehler about his impressions from Accra. uni’alumni: Prof. Dr. Mehler, how was it at MIASA’s opening conference in late September 2018? Andreas Mehler: Very nice. Encou- raging. We had the opportunity at this conference to present our research approach to the public. If you have the right people involved, and we do, it is a profound undertaking. Who spoke at the conference? For example Francis Nyamnjoh, holder of the most important African chair in ethnology. He spoke about incompleteness – and about how completeness can only be achieved through cooperation. That is precisely what our agenda is all about: achieving a different kind of cooperation between Germany and Africa than has been the case up to now. How has it been up to now? The ideas and the money come from the north; usually also the planning. And then the people look for a partner in Africa. Of course, everyone talks about equality and really wants it badly, but in reality you can’t have it in such a model – the inequality is simply too great. Are those the asymmetries that MIASA aims to eliminate? There were asymmetries on many levels, and there still are today. It is occasionally also the case that there is no vehement demand for equality from the African side. One of the reasons why we were interested in the University of Ghana was because they wanted to be involved on an equal footing. How did they express that desire? They formulated their goals with great confidence. They made it clear that they really want the institute – even after the Federal Ministry of Education and Research ends its support. They thus undertook complicated bureaucratic act of making MIASA into a full-fledged institute of the University of Ghana. quite the Could you describe Ghana in a few words? Ghana is a democracy. The country has proven that repeatedly through elections leading to changes in power. The freedom of teaching and research is guaranteed, and the security situation is also good. Plus, we also have to offer something to the researchers. An insti- tute of this kind has to stand up to global competition. So what does Ghana have to offer? The University of Ghana has very good institutions, for instance a center for migrati- on studies. Migration is one of the key issues of our time – not just for us but also for Africa.
Why? And at second glance? Among other things because Africa its- elf is affected by migration: A large part of the migration flow happens inside Africa itself; only a small part of the African mig- rants come to Europe. Researchers at the University of Ghana were studying migra- tion long before what we have experi- enced since 2015 as the migration crisis. Starting in January 2019, a group of re- search fellows will be working on this is- sue at MIASA. What interest does Germany have in such an institute? Networking with top international re- searchers, renown, and also a reputation that will make us even more attractive for other partners in the future. I’m aware that at first glance it seems to be about promo- ting an elite. We’re also working toward achieving a broader effect. The MIASA fellows will hold public lectures and advise doctoral students. They’ll have an impact on the University of Ghana. I find that extremely important. Engaging in exchange. It will be very beneficial to us. In what way? I sometimes experience the approa- ches we have taken up to now as limited. For example, many people it’s enough to give an African politician money so that he can “put an end to” migration. But you need to look at the situation more closely, at local actors. local circumstances, think What are your expectations for the institute? FR E I BU RG N O B E L L AU R E AT ES: A D O LF W I N DAUS Founder of Modern Vitamin Research With his research on the chemistry of sterols, Windaus succeeded in de- monstrating the close relationship bet- When he imagines a monument to Adolf Windaus, he thinks of “hordes of children who owe their health and healing to him” – that’s how the che- mist Wilhelm Blitz paid tribute to his colleague Adolf Windau in a speech on his 65th birthday. It was the year 1941. By that time, the birthday boy was already an internationally recognized scientist. In 1928 Windaus had recei- ved the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the structure of the sterols and their relation to the antira- chitic D vitamins, making him one of the founders of modern vitamin research. Born in Berlin in 1876, the chemist of natural substances studied in Berlin and Freiburg. He earned his doctorate and habilitation qualification in Frei- burg, after which he taught and re- searched in Freiburg and also in Berlin. In 1915, after a brief intermezzo in Innsbruck, Austria, he finally accepted the chair in chemistry at the University of Göttingen, where he would remain until his retirement. for around ten years Protected millions of children from bone diseases: The Nobel laureate Adolf Windaus. Photo: Göttingen State and University Library 21 I’m almost happy that we from the north are also getting hit for once, that our cer- tainties are getting shaken up. The com- mon search for solutions that really have an effect will only further this development. And that is the goal of the institute. MARIA SIBYLLA MERIAN CENTRES With the international “Maria Sibylla Merian Centres,” the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research aims to promote the internationalization of humanities, cultu- ral studies, and social science research in Germany through bi- and multilateral joint projects at locations outside Germany. The ministry is providing the “Maria Sibylla Me- rian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa” (MIASA) an initial 1.7 million euros in fun- ding in a preparation phase set to last until 2020. Over the projected funding period of 12 years, the institute will receive a total of up to 18 million euros. » www.mias-africa.org ween cholesterol and the bile acids. He also explained the chemical structure of various vitamins of the B complex and the D group and verified his results through their synthesis. Vitamin D is important for the prevention and treat- ment of rickets, known in German as the English disease. This bone disease manifests particularly in babies and small children with a vitamin D defici- ency. Thanks to the drug developed by Windaus, the number of rickets cases fell drastically. Vitamin D photochemi- cally synthesized according to his me- thod (1927) is still marketed today under the brand name Vigantol. There is still no monument to Windaus with “hordes of children,” as his colleague had wished, but the University of Göttin- gen does award a medal for the che- mistry of natural substances in his name. In addition, the Freiburg company Dr. Falk Pharma has named a prize worth 15,000 euros for research on bile acids after Adolf Windaus. Verena Adt
22 P O R T R A I T With Twitter and a Quill The German studies professor Henrike Lähnemann studies medieval writings by means of digital technology At home in Oxford and Freiburg: The medievalist Henrike Lähnemann. Photo: Patrick Seeger Institute P rof. Dr. Henrike Lähnemann has an affinity for digital technology. The holder of a chair in German medieval studies in Oxford and senior fellow at the Freiburg for Advanced Studies (FRIAS) maintains several Twit- ter channels, publishes in various online formats, posts video recordings of her lectures on the internet, and has a knack for computers. The objects of her research, by contrast, couldn’t be more analogue: age-old folios and time-worn prayer illuminated manuscripts, cracked bindings and spines. “The materiality of the written word has always had a great attraction for me,” explains Lähnemann. She finds it moving “to hold a 600-year-old calf- bound book” in her hands. books, fragile A New Way of Studying Original Documents The world of medieval writings and the diversity of digital storage and technologies comple- communication ment each other very nicely, says the medieval literature expert, whose re- search interests also include the history of books. Today, the content of old handwritten manuscripts can be made available in digitalized form. That chan- ges the way scholars study the origi- nals: “The reason we restore these old books today is not to make them rea- dable again,” explains Lähnemann. Instead of usability, scholars today focus more on the former users and the traces they left. Which pages are more worn than others from being opened up more often, where did past readers mark something that was important to them, which passages did they even add a note to? “For this reason, book restoration hardly involves any drastic interventions anymore,” explains the Germanist. On-Site Inspection at the Library Is it possible at all to get young “digi- tal natives” interested in things like the manuscripts from the North German nunnery Medingen Convent, to which Lähnemann is devoting her current re- search project? No problem, ensures the professor. She usually holds the first class meeting with her students on site at the Taylorian, one of Oxford’s time- honored libraries, where it is possible to draw on abundant source material. It makes no difference whether she shows them a pamphlet from the 16th century or a collection of romantic songs from the 19th century: “They’re all seized by the aura of the original!” says Lähne- mann with a laugh. In general terms, getting “hands on” is her guiding prin- ciple in imparting knowledge. She likes having her students attempt to write with goose quills they have previously cut themselves. “When you have to piece together the letters out of single strokes, you have a much easier time analyzing the manuscript in front of you,” she explains. Henrike Lähnemann has served as a professor in Oxford since 2015. Her pro- fessorship is endowed by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), the Volkswagen Foundation, and the University of Freiburg. In the context of this agreement, the researcher has since spent each July and August at the University of Freiburg’s international research institute as a senior research fellow. Friends provide her with a spinet in her room at the university guest house, because Lähnemann, who is fond of playing Bach and Handel on her grand piano at home in Oxford, never likes to be without the chance to make music. More Room for Creativity In Freiburg, Henrike Lähnemann en- joys going shopping at the farmers’ market at the minster and cooking her own food. In Oxford, by contrast, she doesn’t get around to cooking very of- ten, because a former star-winning chef serves three excellent meals a day at her college. That’s not the only reason why the native of Münster feels “very comfortable” in Oxford. The academic hierarchies are less pronounced in Great Britain than they are in Germany, there’s more room for creativity, and more readiness to try out new things, she says. And the boundaries between the disciplines are less strict: “In Germany I wouldn’t be able to experi- ment so freely,” she admits. Henrike Lähnemann’s professorship is secured until her retirement. Even though she will therefore not be affected personally by Great Britain’s immanent withdrawal from the European Union, the German expat is of the opinion that Brexit is “as useful as a hole in the head.” Verena Adt » http://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/ twitter.com/HLaehnemann
University News uni‘alumni 2019 23 M Y B LO G: T H E R ESA SCH R E D E L S E K E R Genetics for All Genes are “incredibly exciting,” thinks Theresa Schredelseker. The biologist, who is writing a doctoral dissertation on genetic control in the development of nerve cells at the University of Freiburg’s Institute of De- velopmental Biology, has many examp- les to prove it. There’s p53, for instance, a “genetic superstar” that holds tumor cells in the human body in check. Or EPAS1, which allows the people in Tibet to live at altitudes exceeding 4000 meters above sea level without getting sick. This particular gene could theore- tically also serve to enhance the per- formance of athletes of endurance sports – but only, she adds, if we ever reach a consensus on the manipulation of human genes. Although modern gene cutters make it possible to re- place DNA components with relative ease, there are still ethical issues re- garding their use that have to be settled in addition to a number of scientific problems. The natural scientist takes the ethi- cal issues she is frequently confronted with in her field of research seriously. “It’s also a matter of what research is worthy of support and which therapies are approved. Those are important decisions.” On her blog, Theresa Schredelseker shares her passion for and extensive knowledge of genetic research with anyone interested in what the building blocks of biological genetic information are capable of and how they could potentially be used. In a series called “Gene of the Week” started in 2016, she regularly presents a particular gene, including its function and the story be- hind its scientific discovery, in a vivid language that is easy to understand even for laypeople. As a bonus, the blog includes several background articles providing brief and clear explanations of fundamental genetic concepts. In short, it provides exciting reading and learning M Y STA R T- U P: T E LO CAT E The Shortest Route Drat! What hospital room is my friend in anyway? In buildings, ASSIST always finds you the shortest route to your des- tination: It’s a kind of GPS for indoors – only much more precise. GPS can be up to 20 meters off. “We can localize people and objects precisely to within 10 to 20 centimeters,” says microsys- tems engineer Dr. Fabian Höflinger. He co-founded Telocate GmbH together with the computer scientist Dr. Johan- nes Wendeberg in 2014. The paths of the two managing directors crossed at the University of Freiburg’s Faculty of Engineering. “We both wrote disserta- tions on indoor localization there,” says Höflinger. ASSIST enables engineers to follow objects as they move through a produc- tion hall. Retailers can see where shop- ping carts stop. Hospital visitors and robot caregivers find the right patient Telocate offers highly precise localization solutions for radiolocation and navigation that are already in use in the industrial sector. Photo: Telocate without getting lost, and the patient finds the right treatment room. “We’re in talks with several hospitals,” says Höflinger. The system is suitable for convention halls with hundreds of stands as well as for large exhibitions and museums, where it could be used Ethical aspects of genetic research are important to her: Theresa Schredelseker. Photo: Klaus Polkowski material on everything you always wanted to know about genes but were afraid to ask. Verena Adt » http://genderwoche.de/ to identify what exhibits visitors are standing in front of. The audio guide could then start the proper presentation automatically. The system uses ultrasonic sources, such as tags on objects, mobile buz- zers, or conventional smartphones. “Museum and hospital visitors need to download an app,” says Höflinger. The ultrasonic signals run via tiny receivers to a central server that pinpoints the transmitter with great accuracy. Not even high shelves or clusters of people can confuse it: ASSIST also analyzes echoes of the ultrasound. A Swiss fast- food restaurant chain already hands out ASSIST buzzers to patrons after they order: No matter where they decide to sit down, the right food arrives without fail at their table. Jürgen Schickinger
24 University News uni‘alumni 2019 P O R T R A I T Keeping Operations Running Routine tasks are rare in Monika Blasy’s position heading a faculty administration Likes keeping things organized: Monika Blasy has served for 13 years as head of administration at the Faculty of Law. Photo: Harald Neumann T here are people who slide back and forth restlessly on their chair or rock a leg nervously when they sit down at a table. And there are people who just sit there. Straight, calm, present. That’s what Monika Blasy is like. The 43-year- old is the head of administration at the Faculty of Law. White blouse, red pain- ted fingernails, calm voice. She says that 20 years ago she herself never would have thought that she could do what she’s been doing for 13 years, and even enjoy doing it. Back then Blasy was studying philosophy and literature in Freiburg – without knowing exactly where that would take her one day. Blasy was born in Romania but grew up in Gernsbach near Baden-Baden. She went to school there and earned her higher education entrance qualifica- tion. After graduating from school, she first applied for a degree program in pharmacy but then decided spontane- ously to study humanities instead. Why the change? She says has she always shifted back and forth between natural sciences and humanities. “I’m fascina- ted by both.” However, she has never regretted opting in favor of a course of study in the humanities after briefly ago- nizing over the matter. Blasy already worked a part-time job at the University of Freiburg Alumni Office as a student and realized that she enjoyed organi- zing things. She continued working there after her graduation in 2003, though she knew that the position wasn’t permanent. But she wanted to stay in Freiburg, especially at the uni- versity. And since Blasy is the way she is, she set herself a time limit: “I gave myself two years time to find a job.” One and a half years later she came across a job posting from the Faculty of Law. They were looking for a faculty assistant. Blasy applied and got the job. In 2008 she was promoted to head of the faculty administration. decades, is in urgent need of reno- vation. Blasy organizes, manages, coordinates. And she really does enjoy it. She is often asked how she, the philosophy and literature scholar, fits in at an administrative office. “It fits per- fectly,” she ensures. She is of course aware of the drab image of administra- tive work, but her work isn’t like that at all. It’s exciting and varied. She even likes organizing things in her free time, she says, such as vacations or hiking trips. Academic Service Provider Blasy sees herself as an academic service provider: “I see to it that the operations keep running” – for instance when a vacant position needs to be filled or simply when the broken video projector in lecture hall xy needs to be replaced as quickly as possible. And of course she is responsible for doing the budgetary planning and acting as a connecting link between the faculty’s executive board and its departments. Routine tasks are rare, she says. Every day brings new challenges that often demand completely new solutions. At the moment, for example, she is dealing with her faculty’s move to alternative accommodations, because Collegiate Building II, a building listed on the natio- nal historical register in which the Faculty of Law has been located for When she looks back and considers what projects were most important to her in the past 13 years, she doesn’t have to reflect very long. “The internati- onal studies office, for example, makes me proud,” she says. “It’s a place where all of our students can request infor- mation about an upcoming stay abroad, about exchange programs as well as the transfer of credits.” It’s fantastic, says Blasy, particularly as it offers one- on-one advising. And she continues: “What I also find great is the teaching assistants that came to the faculty in 2009 to lead working groups and grade final exams.” In times marked by a constant shortage of resources, it’s a real challenge to maintain the status quo or even improve on it. “It’s stimula- ting to be a part of that,” she says. Stephanie Streif
Making topics exciting: The geographer Anna Chatel has developed a continuing education course on nature and culture tours. Photo: Michael Kuhn MY RECIPE: DANIEL KÖNIG Top Trio from Baden 25 You would think a nutrition expert who is also a cardiologist and a diabetes doctor would choose a recipe with ingredients like quinoa, lentils, amaranth, avocado, and salmon. However, I would like to present a classic dish from our regional cuisine: the “Badisches Dreielei” (“Ba- den Trio”) which is among the top dishes on the menus of outdoor restaurants here in Baden. How healthy it is depends on the selection of ingredients and how they’re prepared. We should satisfy around 50 percent of our energy needs with carbohydrates, 30 percent with fat, and 20 percent with proteins. The Badi- sches Dreierlei comes pretty close to this distribution. I’ll begin with a general introduction. What’s in it? Brägele (fried potatoes), Bibbeliskäs (quark or curd cheese), and Wurstsalat (sausage salad) How are the ingredients arranged? Next to each other! Challenges for the cook: Relatively few, but the Brägele should be crisp, the Bibbeliskäs not too soft, the Wurstsalat not too oily, and the onion rings should not be sliced too thick. For the Bibbeliskäs, you mix quark, a dol- lop of sour cream, pepper, salt, and chi- ves to taste. I recommend using low-fat quark. At 70 kilocalories and 12 grams of protein per 100 grams, Bibiliskäs made with low-fat quark is a side dish that’s low in calories and rich in protein. CONTINUING EDUCATION: HERITAGE INTERPRETATION Communicating Knowledge on Nature and Culture It is emotional access to a topic that awakens interest in an exhibition and can lead to light-bulb moments. The Freiburg Academy of Continuing Educa- tion (FRAUW) launched the continuing education course “Professional Nature and Culture Tours” in 2018. The course qualifies participants as certified inter- pretative guides. The participants are introduced to the educational concept of heritage inter- pretation outdoors and in museums. “It’s a participative, audience-specific approach to communicating information that’s backed up by research,” explains Dr. Anna Chatel from the Institute of Environmental Social Sciences and Geography. “We make topics that lie outside of the experiential horizon of visitors exciting for them.” The organizer of the course develops educational concepts for nature sites and cultural institutions, such as a multimedia trail, an exhibition, or the touristic develop- ment of a nature park. At the moment, Chatel is developing a visitor concept for Liliental on Kaiser- stuhl. “Sometimes individual areas the- re are cleared of trees, and that makes visitors angry,” she explains. It is thus important to give them the background information. The forest research institu- te in Liliental studies how plants adapt to the climate. “We describe this fore- stry work and the scientific issues invol- ved,” says Chatel. “Climate change affects everyone. What consequences does it have? What does it mean for our region?” Heritage interpretation there- fore attempts to involve the visitor and forge a link to the project topic. Sarah Schwarzkopf » www.wb.uni-freiburg.de/wb/ angebote/heritage Badisches Dreierlei. Photo: Jürgen Gocke Daniel König heads the Section for Nutrition at the Institute of Sports Science and Physical Education. Photo: Thomas Kunz Brägele: A well-broken-in cast-iron pan is a must. Use it to fry salad potatoes (preferably cooked a day earlier) in a type of cooking fat that tolerates high temperatures, such as canola oil, which is rich in omega 3 fatty acids. The Brägele turn out best when the fat is not heated to the maximum temperature and the potato slices are not too thick. The Wurstsalat is made of bologna cut into strips, onion rings, and a relatively thin vinaigrette. Strips of cheese or even bell pepper should by no means be added! At 250 kilocalories, 20 grams of fat per 100 grams, and a high propor- tion of saturated fat, the Wurstsalat is not the healthiest part of the Badisches Dreierlei. Possible countermeasu- res include using low-fat bolo- gna, making the vinaigrette with less oil, or putting less Wurstsalat on the plate. Prepared in this way, the Badisches Dreierlei does not just make for a filling and tasty meal; it’s also ac- from a nutritional standpoint. And it might also bring back culinary memories from your ceptable time as a student.
26 University News uni‘alumni 2019 Campus Bulletin The exhibition on the Russian writer Ivan Turgenev incorpo- rates findings from Freiburg leisure research. Photo: Stadtmuseum Baden-Baden Leisure in the Museum The exhibition “Russia in Europe – Europe in Russia. 200 Years of Ivan Turgenev,” a project of the University of Freiburg’s Collaborative Research Center (SFB) “Leisure: Borders, Temporal and Spatial Character, Practices,” is open at the Stadtmuseum Baden-Baden until 3 March 2019. The Russian writer Ivan Turgenev was probably the most important cultural ambassador of his country in the 19th century, and Baden-Baden is considered his most important place of work in Germany. The Freiburg scholars transferred findings from their research on leisure to the exhibition’s concept: Each room offers the possibility to linger, whether to browse through books, watch a short film, or interact with a digital exhibit. The exhibition is thus also an experimental ground for another project of the SFB: At the end of 2020, the center plans to launch the “Mußeum” a museum of leisure (German “Muße”) and literature at Baden-Baden’s public library. Karl V. Ullrich Sets Up Foundation Neurotechnology, Art, and Ethics Dr. Karl V. Ullrich, honorary senator of the University of Freiburg, former chair of the Friends of the University Association, and former director of the Business Association of Industrial Enterprises in Baden, has set up a foundation with 200,000 euros in capital. It will serve primari- ly to support students and doctoral candidates dealing with issues concerning the societal responsibili- ty of businesses. “I owe a lot to the University of Freiburg, from my time as a student and my experiences as a research assistant and doctoral candidate to the many contacts I had the pleasure to make as chair of the Friends of the University Association,” says Ullrich. “I would be delighted if I could convince a few potential donors to join me in giving something back to our university.” Karl V. Ullrich was chair of the Friends of the University of Freiburg Association from 2005 to 2016. Photo: Patrick Seeger “A nexus is a connection. What happens when art, technology, and the public react? We think: new perspec- tives on the impact of technology and new spaces for ethical dialogue and discourse.” This is how the project “Nexus Experiments” is described on the project website. The initiative in- volves developing new science com- munication formats for the University of Freiburg’s Cluster of Excellence BrainLinks-BrainTools. The team has held nearly 60 events since 2012 to engage the cluster’s researchers in a dialogue with the public and forge links between art, neurotechnology re- search, and ethics. The results are documented on an interactive website. » www.nexusexperiments.uni-freiburg.de
Jennifer Andexer and Benjamin Kohlmann received the 2018 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize. Photos: Thomas Kunz, Patrick Seeger 27 Prizes for Young Researchers Junior professor Dr. Jennifer Andexer from the Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and lecturer Dr. Benjamin Kohlmann from the University of Freiburg’s Depart- ment of English have been awarded the 2018 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize. The prize is regarded as the most prestigious award for early-career researchers in Germany. Andexer’s research area is enzymes, proteins that catalyze chemical reactions in orga- nisms. She also studies so-called cofactors, which particular enzymes need to work as catalysts. Kohlmann takes a cultural studies approach to the study of literature by in- cluding historical contexts and connections to his second field, philosophy. He seeks to forge links to societal issues in his research. At the moment, for instance, he is treating the topic of precariousness in contemporary novels and films. Number One in the Funding Atlas University of Freiburg researchers managed to secure nearly 240 million euros in third- party funding from the German Research Foundation (DFG) from 2014 to 2016. That puts the university at seventh place in the current DFG Funding Atlas. However, the total amount of third-party funding depends cru- cially on the amount of profes- sors and the spectrum of fields. For example, engineering dis- ciplines achieve much higher amounts of funding on average than humanities disciplines. The DFG took into account this fact in its analysis. In relation to amount of professorships and spectrum of fields, the Universi- ty of Freiburg receives more third-party than any other university in Germany by a wide margin. funding Alexander the Great in an ancient Roman mosaic. Source: Magrippa/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 Encyclopedia of the Heroic heroicum,” Heroes are experiencing a renaissance – in political discourse, in popular culture, and in ethical debates. In its new online encyclopedia “Compendium the University of Freiburg’s Collaborative Research Center “Heroes – Heroizations – Heroisms” provides explanations of numerous phenomena of the heroic and offers the general public access to current and core findings of its research. The entries classify heroism that have produced heroes and are still producing them today in different cultures. The project partner is the Open Encyclopedia System (OES) of the Free University of Berlin. the diverse processes of Partners for Continuing Education School of Education The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft and the Freiburg Academy of Conti- nuing Education (FRAUW) of the University of Freiburg have signed a framework agreement involving a long-term intensification of their part- nership in continuing education. They have previously developed a joint master’s program and three certifica- te programs on the topics public security, energy, and sustainability. The programs can be combined with each other due to their modular struc- ture and may also be completed alongside a full-time job or familial responsibilities thanks to their blen- ded-learning format – a combination of on-campus phases and a high pro- portion of e-learning. The reform of teacher education programs in Baden- Württemberg came to a conclusi- on at the start of the 2018/19 winter semester with the launch of the Master of Education degree program – and on 1 October 2018 the University of Freiburg and the Freiburg University of Education (PH) took their collaboration on teacher education to a new level, developing the cooperation net- work Freiburg Advanced Center for Education (FACE) into the FACE School of Education. It is a permanent, inter-institutional school that has the task of conso- lidating Freiburg’s teacher educa- tion to teaching, research, and school practice. activities with regard » www.compendium-heroicum.de » www.wb.uni-freiburg.de » www.face-freiburg.de
28 Hanna Böhme wants to maintain and enhance Freiburg’s attractiveness for research and business. Photo: Jürgen Gocke P O R T R A I T Don’t Sit Back and Relax Hanna Böhme, managing director of Freiburg Wirtschaft Touristik und Messe, wants her hometown to become more dynamic When Hanna Böhme, the daughter of Freiburg’s former mayor Dr. Rolf Böhme, left Freiburg for Hong Kong at the age of 17, she took a traditional Black Forest costume with her: “The one from St. Peter. I wore it with pride. I still do today,” adds the 42-year-old. “It still fits.” The mother of twins even wore a traditional costume at her wedding. Hong Kong, where Böhme attended a United World College, would not be the last city in Asia she would get to know. The economist and Sinologist lived in Taipei, Beijing, and Singapore before returning to Freiburg. Since the beginning of 2018 Böhme has served as director of the management and marke- ting enterprise Freiburg Wirtschaft Touristic und Messe (FTWM). “I never forgot my roots. The Minster is always in my heart.” The Minster, the surrounding country- side, the local culture of living and enjoy- ment – Böhme can positively go into raptures about it. But she also believes that there’s still something more. So she jumps up and rushes to the window of the office she recently moved into at Freiburg’s new exhibition center. The workmen are still in the building. Her gaze rests on the Solar Info Center, be- hind which is the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems. To the right, on the other side of the street, is the Faculty of Engineering – “representative of the entire university, including the medical center and even non-university research institutes,” which are so important for Freiburg, comments Böhme. to speak, for making a culture of enjoy- ment possible in the first place. To the north, the exhibition center comes into view. “The new SC Freiburg stadium will soon stand behind it, provi- ding us with top-flight sport.” Even further away, the smokestacks of the north side industrial area are visible. “And in the east lies the freight train sta- tion, the new creative business district with its startup scene.” A View of Innovative Technologies The enthusiasm with which the FWTM director describes this pano- rama is more than obvious. She looks out of her window and sees science, research, medicine, biotech and other innovative technologies, and large com- panies assembled before her. This view is “just as important a part” of a realistic picture of Freiburg as the idyllic city center, she finds. Yet it is not particular- ly prevalent the minds of most citizens. “Our work,” says Böhme, “also involves changing that.” in That won’t necessarily be an easy task. “There are definitely places in this world where entrepreneurs are held in higher regard,” says the economist: “Private enterprise is not just about money. It’s also about responsibility for employees, and often enough for the entire social en- vironment. It’s about the foundations, so Böhme and her team are thus paying a visit to a Freiburg company “almost every day” at the moment – to familiari- ze themselves with the local business situation. And she is amazed at what she learns there “about the diversity of the companies here, how they are alrea- dy applying the latest technologies and logistical methods and tackling the issu- es of the future today.” She has learned that successful companies are interes- ted in expanding, but space is in short supply in Freiburg. “There’s a conflict of interests between living, business, and green space,” says Böhme. “We want to help mediate.” She stresses that she does not see growth as an end in itself. “The goal is to ensure that Freiburg maintains its high quality of life in the future, that the- re are still companies here tomorrow that provide jobs for a lot of people. The challenges are formidable – and the key word here is ‘digital transformation.’” Freiburg could learn a lot from Asia, finds Böhme. “What impressed me the- re was the people’s pragmatism, their curiosity and their willingness to engage in lifelong learning.” This dynamism is something she wants to convey to her hometown: “So never tell a Freiburger it’s ok to sit back and relax.” Mathias Heybrock
City Life uni‘alumni 2019 29 FR E I BU RG M I N ST E R Restored to Glory It’s a sight that hasn’t been seen in a full twelve years: The steeple of the Freiburg Minster is now entirely free of scaffolding. The spire underwent more than a decade of restoration work. Stonemasons, carpenters, and restorers spent more than 200,000 hours working at Freiburg’s highest construction site. The Freiburg Minster’s steeple is 115 meters high, the meticulously restored spire accounting for 40 of them. Freiburg’s citizens celebrated the long wished-for return to glory of the “most beautiful tower on earth,” as the Swiss cultural historian Jacob Burckhardt once called it, with a three-day “steeple finale” in October 2018. On this occasion, the steeple was also reopened for visitors. It had previously been closed for a good one and a half years, as the tower keeper’s room and the bell cage were also affected by the renovations. in the static equilibrium of the steeple. The experts spent a good three years determining the causes of these problems and studying possible means of solving them. To make matters worse, the dama- ges were worse than assumed, and some of them took much longer to repair. The removal of the scaffolding last summer was also fraught with difficulties. As there was a danger of parts falling during the dismantling operations, the workers had to clear a 30-meter security zone around the Minster. Several stalls from the farmer’s market were forced to move to Kaiser-Joseph-Straße for a few days. Now locals and tourists alike can again enjoy an unobstructed view of Freiburg’s landmark. For anyone interested in taking pictures of the magnificent tower, there’s no need to rush: According to head architect Yvonne Faller, no further resto- ration work should be necessary in the coming decades. Claudia Füßler The restored steeple of the Freiburg Minster can be admired again after 12 years behind scaffolding. Photo: Thomas Kunz The work on the steeple cost twelve million euros – and took considerably lon- ger than originally planned. When the scaffolding was put up in 2006, the team under head architect Yvonne Faller esti- mated that it would take around five years to complete. However, this plan was thwarted by newly discovered problems N E W T R A M L I N E Make Way for the Tram! From 16 March 2019 on, a tram will stop in front of the university’s administra- tive building every six minutes during the morning rush hour: That’s the day on which the blue line will take up operations on a new route including a stop at Fahnen- bergplatz. This means that the central ad- ministration will more or less have its own tram stop. At the same time, the new line will also connect the natural sciences campus to the network. “Stadtbahn 2020 mobil” is the name of the concept developed by Freiburg’s public transit authority VAG for taking Freiburg’s tram network into the future. Many meters of new tracks have been laid in the Breis- gau metropolis in the course of the concept’s implementation in the past years. Line 4 was extended to the exposition grounds – a change that Freiburg’s citi- zens appreciated more than VAG had ex- pected and that has attracted a lot of riders. The changes at and around Rotteckring are even more extensive: A new tram line The future of mobility in Freiburg: The new line 5. Photo: Thomas Kunz runs over the rebuilt Kronenbrücke and further along Rotteckring, passing the new University Library and the completely re- designed Platz der Alten Synagoge to join the existing lines at the Siegesdenkmal victory memorial. The line is part of a city planning con- cept intended to extend Freiburg’s pedest- rian zone to the main train station and upgrade the space in front of the university and the theater. Rotteckring and Werth- mannstraße are now closed for private vehicles, traffic having been rerouted to the train station axis. The tram stop at the theater was designed as a barrier-free junction where riders will be able to change trams between all five lines. This should reduce the traffic somewhat at Bertolds- brunnen in the city center, where only four rather than five lines will now meet. The blue line 5 runs from Fahnenbergplatz to Rieselfeld in one direction and to the newly named Europaplatz at the victory memo- rial in the other, continuing on north to Hornusstraße during peak periods. Claudia Füßler
30 City Life uni'alumni 2019 M E E T M E I N FR E I BU RG … Street Art for the University Connecting creative minds is the motto of the University of Freiburg’s institutional strategy. Photos: Jürgen Rösch Green city, green university: “Environment and sustainability” is one of the university’s profile research and teaching areas.
31 is a Freiburg The Holbein Horse trademark: a concrete sculpture made by the sculptor Werner Gürtner that stands on a small patch of grass between Holbeinstraße, Hans-Thoma-Straße, and Günterstalstraße and periodically receives a makeover from artists who usually remain anonymous. In the fall of 2018, JOlino took out his spray paints and brushes and drew inspiration from a few of the University of Freiburg’s core issues, painting both the original and a scale model. The photographer Jürgen Rösch documented the results before the next artist came by to repaint the horse again. The goal is a European university: Freiburg and its partners in the alliance “EUCOR – The European Campus” are taking a common path into the future. Diversity enriches: The University of Freiburg regards itself as an organization in which the individual and cultural differences of its employees and students are appreciated.
32 Calendar 2019 The Rector’s New Year’s Address Tuesday, 22 January 2019, 8:15 p.m. Assembly Hall, Collegiate Building I Platz der Universität 3, 79098 Freiburg Dies Universitatis Wednesday, 5 June 2019, 7:15 p.m. Assembly Hall, Collegiate Building I Platz der Universität 3, 79098 Freiburg Subject to change; please check schedule at www.uni-freiburg.de Beginning Student Day with “Market of Possibilities” Friday, 18 October 2019, 2 p.m. Schwarzwald-Stadion Schwarzwaldstraße 193, 79117 Freiburg Official Opening of the Academic Year 2019/2020 Wednesday, 23 October 2019, 10:15 a.m. Audimax, Collegiate Building II, Platz der Alten Synagoge 1, 79098 Freiburg Alumni Services Newsletter » www.alumni.uni-freiburg.de/service/newsletter Newsletter of the university’s online magazine » www.pr.uni-freiburg.de/newsletter Blog » http://alumni-blog.uni-freiburg.de Social Networks » www.alumni.uni-freiburg.de/service/socialnetworks Alumni-Clubs » www.alumni-foerdern.uni-freiburg.de/clubs Continuing Education Freiburg Academy of Continuing Education: » www.wb.uni-freiburg.de Studium Generale: » www.studiumgenerale.uni-freiburg.de Language Teaching Center: » www.sli.uni-freiburg.de University Library » www.ub.uni-freiburg.de University House on Schauinsland » www.pr.uni-freiburg.de/go/uni-haus Contact Alumni Office Haus “Zur Lieben Hand,” Löwenstraße 16, 79098 Freiburg Phone: +49 (0)761/203-4283, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org And don’t forget to visit us at our website: » www.alumni.uni-freiburg.de Beginning Student Day 2018 Photos: Patrick Seeger Opening of the Academic Year 2018/19 University House on Schauinsland Photo: Eva Opitz Haus “Zur Lieben Hand” Photo: Thomas Kunz